山东师范大学学报(自然科学版)

2019, v.34;No.148(04) 402-407

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经济盐生植物在盐碱地绿色开发中的应用
SUSTAINABLE UTILIZATION OF SALINE SOILS USING HALOPHYTES

刘丽丽;王宝山;
Liu Lili;Wang Baoshan;Key Lab of Plant Stress Research,School of Life Sciences,Shandong Normal University;

摘要(Abstract):

随着经济发展、人口不断增加和耕地不断减少,粮食安全问题日益突出.我国约0.96亿hm~2盐碱地,大部分处于荒芜状态,是巨大的后备土地资源.因此,如何可持续、绿色开发利用盐碱地具有重大战略意义.盐生植物是指能够在等于或高于200 mmol/L NaCl的盐碱地上正常生长发育并完成生活史的植物类群.盐生植物在绿化、畜牧、粮食、医药和生态建设等各方面具有重大潜在价值.本文重点论述了经济盐生植物在盐碱地绿色开发中的应用,对未来选育一些经济盐生植物用于盐碱地绿色开发并形成产业链,提出了建议.
With economic development, increasing population and decreasing farmland as well as the food safety becomes increasingly serious.In China,there is about 96 million hectares of saline land, and most of which is in unused state. In this case, saline soils are huge reserve land resources. Therefore,how to sustainably and greenly develop and utilize saline land is of the great strategic significance. Halophytes are plants that can grow, develop and complete their life cycle on a saline land equal to or higher than 200 mmol/L NaCl. They have significant potential values in afforest, animal husbandry, food, medicine, and ecological construction. This paper focuses on the application of economic halophytes in the sustainable utilization of saline land, and puts forward suggestions for the future development of saline regions and the formation of industrial chain.

关键词(KeyWords): 盐碱地;盐生植物;可持续开发利用
saline land;halophytes;sustainable utilization

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31570251);; 山东省重点研发计划资助项目(2017CXGCO313)

作者(Author): 刘丽丽;王宝山;
Liu Lili;Wang Baoshan;Key Lab of Plant Stress Research,School of Life Sciences,Shandong Normal University;

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